Investigate

One of the ancient cities listed below.
The slides for this assignment can be viewed at this link on Google Docs.


Find out about your city through the lens of these key concepts:

Change

is a conversion, transformation, or movement from one form, state or value to another. Inquiry into the concept of change involves understanding and evaluating causes, processes and consequences.
For individuals and societies, the concept of change allows examination of the forces that shape the world: past, present and future. The causes and effects of change can be natural and artificial; intentional and unintentional; positive, negative or neutral.

Time, place and space

The intrinsically linked concept of time, place and space refers to the absolute or relative position of
people, objects and ideas. Time, place and space focuses on how we construct and use our understanding of location (“where” and “when”).
For individuals and societies, time is not simply the measurement of years or time periods but is a continuum of significant events of the past, present and future. Place and space are complex concepts, the definitions of which are fluid. Place is socially constructed and can be explored in terms of constraints and opportunities afforded by location. Places have value and meaning defined by humans. Space relates to where and why places and landscapes are located. This concept also includes the social, economic, and political processes that interact through or across space, resulting in patterns and networks arising, such as migration or trade flows. Challenges related to “place and space” can be understood on multiple scales (including local, regional, national and global).

Global interactions

Global interactions, as a concept, focuses on the connections between individuals and communities, as well as their relationships with built and natural environments, from the perspective of the world as a whole.
For individuals and societies, global interactions focuses on the interdependence of the larger human community, including the many ways that people come into conflict with and cooperate with each other, and live together in a highly interconnected world to share finite resources.
Systems

Systems are sets of interacting or interdependent components. Systems provide structure and order in human, natural and built environments. Systems can be static or dynamic, simple or complex.

For individuals and societies, systems thinking provides a powerful tool for understanding both natural and human environments, and the role of individuals within them. Social and natural systems rely on a state of equilibrium and are vulnerable to change from internal and external forces.

Produce a book for the Year 4/5 classes who study Ancient Civilizations.


1. Introduction to (the city)
How have we learned about (the city)?
What are the components of a civilisation found in (the city)?
2. Describe the Time, Place and Space of (the city) (might include maps)
3. Tell the story of how (the city) changed over time. (might include time lines)
4. .Describe any social and/or natural systems we know about in (the city).
5.. Describe the interactions (the city) had with other cities, civilizations, peoples.


You might want to start your investigations with these web links:

Ancient cities in general:

http://www.ancient.eu/city/

Ur (Iraq)

Inhabited from about 5500 BCE, Ur was finally abandoned around 400 BCE because of difficulties with its water supply. In between, Ur was a politically and economically powerful center on the Euphrates, particularly during the 3rd millennium BCE, with easy access to the Persian Gulf and long-distance sea trade.

http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur

http://www.ancient.eu/ur/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/worldhistory/royal_game_of_ur/

http://www.penn.museum/sites/iraq/?page_id=24

http://archaeology.about.com/od/uterms/qt/ur.htm

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/03/160311-ur-iraq-trade-royal-cemetery-woolley-archaeology/?sf22393781



Memphis (Egypt)

Memphis, founded around 3,100 BC, is the legendary city of Menes, the King who united Upper and Lower Egypt. Early on, Memphis was more likely a fortress from which Menes controlled the land and water routes between Upper Egypt and the Delta. Having probably originated in Upper Egypt, from Memphis he could control the conquered people of Lower Egypt. However, by the Third Dynasty, the building at Saqqara suggests that Memphis had become a sizable city. Read more: http://www.touregypt.net/memphis.htm#ixzz3JLjuSurt
The history of Memphis is closely linked to that of the country itself. Its eventual downfall is believed to be due to the loss of its economical significance in late antiquity, following the rise of coastal Alexandria . Its religious significance also diminished after the abandonment of the ancient religion following the Edict of Thessalonica .


http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis,_Egypt
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Memphis,_Egypt


http://www.touregypt.net/memphis.htm

http://www.ancient-egypt.org/_v3d/index.html



Mohenjo-Daro (Pakistan)

The Indus Valley civilization was entirely unknown until 1921, when excavations in what would become Pakistan revealed the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro (shown here).
This mysterious culture emerged nearly 4,500 years ago and thrived for a thousand years, profiting from the highly fertile lands of the Indus River floodplain and trade with the civilizations of nearby Mesopotamia.
http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohenjo-daro

http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-18491900

http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/mohenjo-daro/

http://www.mohenjodaro.net/ancientmetropolis.html

http://www.mohenjodaro.net/mohenjodaroessay.html

http://a.harappa.com/



Amar Jaleel at Mohenjo Daro from Omar's Travels on Vimeo.

Mohenjo Daro a simply means ‘The Mound of the Dead’ was the first planned city in the world.
This 5000 years old site settlement is a testament to the great Indus Valley Civilization and one of the oldest and best preserved urban ruin on the Indian subcontinent. It is located in Sindh, about 440 km away from Karachi.
This wonderful historical site remains to show that this was a very planned city with a grid-like design, sophisticated sewer system and diversified economy.
You can not find any other ancient planned city in the whole world like the ‘Mohenjo-Daro’, not even in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, or even China, until the 2000 years later the Greek era.
But now one of the world’s earliest civilisations has been slowly crumbling do dust.
Sadly, the erosion is damaging this unesco world heritage site very rapidly.
On this video the living legend of Sindh ‘Amar jaleel’ is showing us this unique ancient site.


Knossos (Greece)

is the largest Bronze Age archaeological siteon Crete and is considered Europe's oldest city.[4]
Knossos was inhabited for several thousand years, beginning with a neolithic settlement sometime in the seventh millennium BC, and was abandoned after its destruction in 1375 BC which marked the end of Minoan civilization.

http://ancient-greece.org/archaeology/knossos.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knossos

http://www.ancient.eu/knossos/


Anyang (China)

Anyang, located in Henan Province in northern China, was the center of a sophisticated Bronze Age civilization during the Shang Dynasty (商朝; 1554 to 1054 BCE). Anyang served as a capital of the Shang dynasty.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anyang

http://earlyworldhistory.blogspot.ch/2012/04/anyang.html

http://archaeology.about.com/cs/bronzeage/a/anyang.htm

http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/?period=03&region=eac
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/?period=03&region=eac#/Key-Events

Images for Anyang can be found at Gary Todd's Public Picasa Album of photos from the Shang Capital & Yin Ruins Museum from the Museum and from the Xinxiang Museum




Tool for finding CC Photos: http://www.photosforclass.com/