"The Achaemenid Persian Empire (/əˈkmənɪd/; Old Persian: Parsā, name of ruling dynasty: Haxāmanišiya, Persian: دودمان هخامنشي ‎ ) (c. 550–330 BCE), sometimes known as the First Persian Empire, was an Iranian empire in Western Asia, founded in the 6th century BCE by Cyrus the Great who overthrew theMedian confederation. It expanded to eventually rule over significant portions of the ancient world which at around 500 BCE stretched from the Indus Valley in the east, to Thrace and Macedon on the northeastern border of Greece, making it the biggest empire the world had yet seen.[4] The Achaemenid Empire would eventually control Egypt as well. It was ruled by a series of monarchs who unified its disparate tribes and nationalities by constructing a complex network of roads.
Calling themselves the Pars after their original Aryan tribal name Parsa, Persians settled in a land which they named Parsua (Persis in Greek), bounded on the west by the Tigris River and on the south by the Persian Gulf. This became their heartland for the duration of the Achaemenid Empire.[4] It was from this region that eventually Cyrus the Great (Cyrus II of Persia) would advance to defeat the Median, the Lydian,and the Babylonian Empires, opening the way for subsequent conquests into Egypt and Asia Minor." From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire


external image persian-empire-2.jpg

The Persians on Pinterest

Resources for investigating the ancient Persians,Cyrus, Cambyses, Darius,four capital cities;Pasagardae, Persepolis, Susa, Hamadan (Ecbatana). Ideas – empire building, controlling empire by dividing it into provinces with satraps (govenors) in charge of each province, unified coinage system for empire(under Darius), Royal road and communication through efficient courier system, tolerance of local religions, and customs and legal systems (as long as not in conflict with empire), religion – Zoroastrianism. Objects – relief sculptures from Persepolis showing people from around the empire, coins, Cyrus cylinder, human-headed bull statues.
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An Introduction to Ancient Persia and the Persian Empire


The Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History


History Files


The Persians & Greeks: Crash Course World History #5

Uploaded by crashcourse on Feb 23, 2012
In which John compares and contrasts Greek civilization and the Persian Empire. Of course we're glad that Greek civilization spawned modern western civilization, right? Maybe not. From Socrates and Plato to Darius and Xerxes, John explains two of the great powers of the ancient world, all WITHOUT the use of footage from 300.
The Histories of Herodotus: http://dft.ba/-herodotus
Plato: http://dft.ba/-plato
Plays of Aristophanes: http://dft.ba/-aristophanes

Terry Jones' Parthian Empire

a 3 part play list
Uploaded on Mar 10, 2008

So you think you know everything about the Romans? They gave us sophisticated road systems, chariots and the modern-day calendar. And of course they had to contend with barbarian hordes who continually threatened the peace, safety and prosperity of their Empire. Didn't they?

Terry Jones takes a completely fresh approach to Roman history. Not only does it offer us the chance to see the Romans from a non-Roman perspective, it also reveals that most of the people written off by the Romans as uncivilized, savage and barbaric were in fact organized, motivated and intelligent groups of people, with no intentions of overthrowing Rome and plundering its Empire. This is the true story of Roman history as seen by the Persians.

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